Yes, there are important differences between pay gaps and equal pay.
The gender pay gap measures the difference in the average pay between men and women, so it’s affected by the type of jobs that men and women are doing.
Women represent nearly two thirds (61.7%) of our workforce. However, we’ve more women than men in our lower grade roles and fewer women than men in our higher graded roles. This is essentially what creates our gender pay gap.
Similarly, the ethnicity pay gap measures the difference in average hourly pay received by one ethnic group compared to another.
The ethnicity pay gap is more complex than the gender pay gap. However, we can see that it is also affected by our workforce structure. We have a higher proportion of ethnically diverse employees in our lower grade roles than in our higher graded roles.
Equal pay is about the pay of people who are doing the same or equivalent jobs. We’re confident we don’t have issues with equal pay and continue to test this with regular audits.